I greet all of you the delegates of the National Conference. I extend condolences to all of us for those of our members who, since the last conference, are no longer with us on this earth. One of those who left us is the Rt. Hon. Eriya Kategaya, one of the Executive Committee Members of Fronasa in 1971. Let us stand up for a minute of silence to remember all those of our comrades that left us. May their souls rest in eternal peace.
When we talk of political organizations, if we are to do so meaningfully and profitably, we must talk about three words: ideology, progressive politics which means applied ideology and organizational work which means the forms of political organization and the methods used in the process.
Let us start with ideology. Ideology is the sum total of both the diagnosis of societal problems and the prescription for their cure. I do not have to protract this discussion by quoting the writings of the various cardinal historic thinkers and actors over the ages such as Adam Smith, Karl Marx, Lenin, Maynard Keynes, Mao Tse Tung, Mwalimu Nyerere or Samora Machel. They were all grappling with these two aspects: the diagnosis of society’s problems and the prescriptions for the cure of those problems.
His pointing out of division of labour and specialization was a historic understanding to the struggle of producing more wealth. Society, guided by that insight, will progress until it meets a new obstacle that needs fresh diagnosis and prescription. He also helped to understand the role of self-interest (private enterprise) in creating wealth. One of his famous quotes on this issue goes like this: “It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner but from their regard for their own interest. We address ourselves, not to their humanity but to their self-love.” In other words, the butcher, the brewer and the baker work so hard in order to serve us, not out of their altruism and love for us, but out of their self-love. If, on the other hand, the diagnosis is inaccurate like in the case of the bullionists who held that wealth is measured by the amount of precious metals owned, society will stagnate like Portugal and Spain, who excelled in stealing gold and silver from South America and killing the Red Indians, did.
In the case of the NRM, after many years of scrutiny, we discovered two useful words and targets. The two words were: Prosperity and Security. The question we had to answer was: “What are the factors that can lead our society, our tribes, our clans, our families, to prosperity in the context of the modern world characterized as it is by the money nexus? What are the factors that can lead these component parts of society to security? The two words: Prosperity and Security.
What does prosperity mean in the modern context? It means that each of our individual families has sufficient income to live a good life, the family members are educated and they are healthy. Where will the income come from? The income can only come from any one of the 5 sectors: commercial agriculture, industries (manufacturing, processing ─ big and small), services (shops, transport, hotels, professional services, etc), ICT (ebyuuma bya kalimagezi) and Public Service. Family members who are old enough to engage in gainful employment can participate in four of the above sectors either as entrepreneurs or workers. The four are: commercial agriculture, industries, services and ICT. As far as the fifth one, Public Service, is concerned, people can, of course, only participate in the form of employees of the central government, local governments, municipal council governments or government parastatals and agencies.